Democracy means Implementing only the People's Mandate

Politicians and politics are losing respect and are becoming laughing stock around the world, leading to fascism. The only solution to this is ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’ or ‘implementing only the people’s mandate’.

Ramarajya

Lord Sri Rama is famous for following his word. Ramarajya means a society where all follow ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’. Mahatma Gandhi made truth and non-violence his weapon and all his life he preached what he did and did only what he had preached.

Any human grouping doesn’t actually act with a single interest, but is composed of several individual interests. Still the group strives to act with a single interest that is best suited not only for all the members but also to the group itself. The more democratic this grouping, the more the interest of the group itself becomes its agenda. To ensure that this happens we got collective decision making. To ensure that the decision is truly collective we need 'doing what is said and doing only what is said'.

Thus a society can become truly democratic and peaceful only when everyone follows ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’. This has to start with politics and law making.

Before knowing how to bring about this change practically, we first need to know about the nature of human action and why democracy is the only good way of decision making.

Collective living

It has been concluded by scientists that the knowledge, technology and wealth that humans possess are an outcome of collective living. More social animals have more information exchange and thus more knowledge, and more tool making and using.

 All human actions are driven by emotions which can broadly be classified as those that come under love and those that come under hate. While all organisms have emotions like anger, fright etc., which help their survival, social beings and humans in particular have emotions of love like cooperation, devotion and compassion etc.

 Unlike other animals collective venturing went so far in humans that we have become a single entity, and we not only live and reproduce at the individual level but also at the collective level. Many emotions and actions that were good before society came about became bad or negative in society. For example there was no concept of stealing before society came into existence.

Wealth-the product of collective venture

Wealth is the product of human collective venturing and collective knowledge. The survival of humans from the very early days has been tied to the production and making of tools and using them. Thus rules were evolved by all communities of humans to regulate the behaviour of their members to maintain social cohesion to efficiently produce and utilise wealth.

Laws


These rules are laws. Laws are what distinguish humans from other animals. Any rule formed, followed and enforced by a community of humans is a law for them.

Laws determine the direction in which collective venturing takes place and thus help us maintain social cohesion and sense of purpose. These laws have to be made only for the interest of the system or society, which can only happen if they are made with positive emotions like love and under the influence of the cooperative nature.

Love for Our People-Hate for Others

 Around 10,000 years ago an explosion of knowledge lead to the agricultural revolution. This lead to the formation of larger societies which replaced bands of hunter gatherers. Earlier human groups used to have love among themselves but hate towards other groups. They fought other groups and killed them. After the agricultural revolution humans started enslaving the defeated and this lead to the formation of larger societies by combining several groups of humans.

 Thus as the boundary between ‘our’ and the ‘other’ group got blurred, the emotions of love and hate have both become part of such larger societies. This lead to the emergence of emotions in humans which do not exist in any other animal which include jealousy, greed, conceit, arrogance, depression and so on.

Human and Demon

 We can say that the part of our nature based on love and compassion for others, that which enables us to live as a system with others and thus works for the system as the ‘human’ part our nature, composed of positive natural and social emotions. And that part of our nature based on hatred, which disrupts social life and harmony and thus works against the system as the ‘demon’ part of our nature, composed of negative natural and social emotions. 

 Differentiating knowledge from information, knowledge forms about something only when the organism reacts emotionally to some information. Thus the organism decides how to react to that information, whether it is good or bad for it. For humans, when negative emotions shroud our perceptions, we cannot form the proper knowledge and thus the proper response to something.

Paramatma (Systemic Will)

As all humans live and endeavour together in using the knowledge and producing the wealth, they are collectively acting more and more as a single entity. Let us use the word human system or ‘system’ instead of society, as the word system includes all the humans, the collectively held knowledge including laws and the wealth. This system has got a survival instinct of its own formed by the individual survival instinct of all the people which includes the will to live and perpetuate.

 The survival instinct of all the individuals combines to form a single collective survival instinct. This gives rise to good decisions. This gets hampered when the negative emotions of individuals and war nature against others hijack the decision making process.

Paramatma

 Let us call the systemic will Paramatma which is composed of collective survival instinct of all the people, both positive and negative emotions of all, collectively held knowledge, collectively maintained wealth.

This systemic will is in turn composed of two opposing wills or souls which apply force in the opposing directions. They are:

Vivekatma (smart soul) = collective survival instinct of all the people + collective human nature of all + knowledge resulting from positive emotions + part of wealth under human nature’s control, and

Vighatatma = collective demon nature of all + knowledge resulting from negative emotions + part of wealth under demon nature’s control.

Dominant Ideas

These vivekatma and vighatatma manifest themselves in the form of dominant ideas. With continuous exchange of ideas and social grooming, some ideas become ‘dominant’ in human groupings. Thus our hairstyles, clothing styles, cultural and socio-political behaviours that distinguish one human group from another are due to ideas that have become dominant in those groups. Those who deviate from the dominant ideas have to face isolation or punishment by the group.

 Some dominant ideas arise from the human nature and are thus good for the society while others arise from the demon nature and are bad for the society. Laws are in fact a way to legitimise and enforce the essential dominant ideas. Thus laws themselves cannot change the dominant ideas or behaviours of people. But without proper laws good dominant ideas cannot gain traction. 

 If bad dominant ideas emerge and gain traction due to the demon nature and even laws get made to strengthen these ideas, then the vighatatma has gained upper hand and that society will perish. If, instead, good dominant ideas emerge due to the human nature and these get legitimised by laws, then vivekatma prospers and the society prospers.
We must recognise that several social movements and all the religions in the world have arisen as the manifestation of the vivekatma.

War - not just an armed conflict

 In this context we have to modify the definition of war. Instead of treating it as conflict between armed groups, anything done by hatred should be treated as war.

 And everything that is done with love and cooperative nature should be taken as peace.

We can differentiate three types of war:
  1. ·         war of extermination,
  2. ·         war of enslavement and
  3. ·         war of extortion.

 While war of extermination is the oldest type of war, with rival groups trying to eliminate others, the other two types of war came about with the increase in wealth after agriculture.

 In the olden days one could clearly see these kinds of war. But in present day society it is not immediately apparent how this war is taking place. In the present the ideas of others are eliminated and thus they are enslaved i.e., made to only listen and obey. We cannot directly determine whether someone is extorting others. But if anyone is deprived of the optimal income required survive and to render services effectively to society, then that person has been extorted, may be by many people.

Thus these three kinds of war are taking place continuously in all societies and are the reason for human pain and social problems. If we observe intently most the war takes place in the form of making laws that are detrimental to others or by not following the laws by some. Arbitrariness and unaccountability are the source of this. Thus some try to grab more and more power by bending the rules or making them in their favour and thereby win over others.

Power

 But what exactly is power? Power is the capacity to direct the human system. The more the power the more this capacity. There is right power and wrong power. Right power is that used for the society and wrong power is used against it. Usually when we talk about power we usually mean wrong power. That’s why people say that too much power is bad. But a scientist like Einstein, an inventor like Edison too had great power in that their ideas influenced the world very much. A traffic constable too has great power. Power becomes bad only when it is wrong i.e., when it is used for the detriment of the society.

 Here too laws are important. People try to gain wrong power by arbitrarily making laws that favour them or violating laws that are not favourable to them. It is laws and their implementation that give people right or wrong power. In the perfectly democratic society everyone has unlimited right power to do good, while no one has any wrong power to do bad.

Corruption

 We can understand corruption to be not just graft and bribery but as the violation of any agreements. Thus violation of laws, which are social agreements, and privately made promises, is corruption.

 People resort to such corruption to wage war against others. The main form in which people defeat others in present society is by deceiving them. When the deceived has no recourse then he/she has been defeated.

 The main arena in which deceit is being taken for granted and all promises are violated is politics. As corruption, not following promises, happens at the highest level deceit gets legitimised. To prevent this war through corruption and legitimisation of deceit what we need is ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’.

Democracy means ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’

 Democracy, with all people participating in the decision making with equal voice, ensures that the survival instinct and human nature of all combine thus strengthening the vivekatma and leading to good decisions viz., laws.

 This process gets hampered when the people’s mandate is not being respected. Even when all the people give voice to a cause, political parties and leaders, due to various compulsions and motives are unable to or do not implement what they said. So practicing of ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’ is the solution.

Parties and Promises

 Many times even though the leaders and parties are sincere they cannot implement their promises as it hurts the interests of those who fund them. Thus the parties are not working for the people but for those who fund them. Imagine if the police or military are funded by private persons. In other cases certain lobbies, either covertly or overtly, do not let the party in power implement the promises even though they raise no objection before elections.

 All of this is happening because the political leaders and parties lack the moral authority and the moral compulsion to implement their promises while the people do not have the moral right to even ask the parties to implement their mandate.

  Implementing the people’s mandate

Thus to implement the people’s mandate and to follow ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’ we need:
  1.       Ban private funding and provide only state funding to political parties, not just to contest elections but also for their functioning. Only then can the parties function independently and the people have control over them. This is to be in such a way that the funding should result in increasing the incomes of more and more people.
  2.      Enabling parties to implement the people’s mandate, by ensuring clear majority in the legislative bodies.
  3.      Mechanism to enforce people’s mandate, by strengthening the election commission and providing legal enforceability to election promises.
  4.      Single window citizens’ grievance redressal and legal aid services by a legal facilitation centre, for strict implementation of laws. 

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